National Health System

One of the subsystems of a national health system that is quite fundamental (SKN) is financing health care. Absence or no funds in the administration of optimal health efforts and other programs, is one of the main causes that do not achieve the purpose of health development we want. Why not, almost all activities in development cannot be rejected, requiring funds and costs. Some important factors in health financing must be considered include:

* The quantity of the health development budget provided by government and private donations.
* The level of effectiveness and efficiency of use (functionalization) of the existing budget.

Therefore, health policy reform in a country must provide an important focus on health financing policies to ensure adequacy, equity, efficiency and effectiveness. Planning and arrangement of adequate health financing will help the government in a country to be able to mobilize financing sources, rationally allocate and use it efficiently and effectively. Health financing policies that prioritize equality and pro-poor will encourage the achievement of universal access. In a broader aspect it is believed that financing in this field has contributed to social and economic development.

Health services themselves in recent years have become very expensive both in developed countries and in developing countries. The use of excessive health services with high technology is one of the main causes. Other causes are the dominance of health care financing with a cash payment mechanism and weak capacity in managing resources and services itself. Which gives the focus of health financing strategies that include key issues, challenges, the main objectives of policies and programs in general are in the following fields:

* Increasing investment and public expenditure in health,
* Regulate the achievement of universal participation and strengthen the maintenance of poor health,
* Development of praupaya financing schemes including social health insurance, excavation
* National and international support, strengthening the regulatory framework, and functional intervention,
* Develop policies based on facts and scientific data,
* Monitoring and evaluation.

The implementation of a health financing strategy in a country is directed at several basic things, namely; Sustainable Financing from Priority Health Program, Reducing the Cash Funding Community, eliminates cost barriers to access health services, equity in access to services, increases efficiency and effectiveness of resource allocation and adequate service quality and can be accepted by adequate service users and can be accepted by Service users are adequate and acceptable.

The Strategic Plan Moh 2005-2009 states that increasing health care financing is one of the four main health department strategies in addition to mobilizing and empowering people to live healthier, increase public access to quality health services and improve information on supervision systems, monitoring and health systems.Read More
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Categorized as Health